What is Secondary Operation for Bleeding ?

Bleeding is any loss of blood from the body. Bleeding can occur either internally or externally. It can occur through a natural opening such as the vagina. Most bleeding occurs through a break in the skin.

Effects of Secondary Operation for Bleeding

Operation for bleeding will stop further loss of blood.

Candidates for Secondary Operation for Bleeding

People are advised to contact the emergency medical system in these cases.

· The bleeding cannot be controlled.

· The bleeding is associated with a serious injury.

· Internal bleeding is suspected.

· The wound needs sutures or there is a large amount of imbedded foreign materials that cannot be removed easily.

Your Consultation

Diagnosis of bleeding begins with a history and physical exam. Special X-ray tests, such as CAT scans and MRIs, can be used to confirm internal bleeding.

The Secondary Operation for Bleeding Procedure

Someone with severe deficiencies, such as Hemophilia A (factor VIII), and/or someone who is having an acute bleeding episode will need to have one or more of their coagulation factors replaced. Factor VIII and a few other individual factors are available in a concentrated form that is expensive but effective. Single and multiple factor deficiencies can also be treated with transfusions of fresh frozen plasma or plasma concentrates that contain all of the coagulation factors. These concentrates and replacements can be given during a bleeding episode and as a preventative measure before necessary surgeries and dental procedures to control excessive bleeding.

If the bleeding disorder is due to dysfunctional or deficient platelets, they may also be transfused. If the disorder is due to von Willebrand’s disease or a mild form of Hemophilia A, a drug called desmopressin (DDAVP) may be given to improve clotting temporarily. It causes the release of stored factor VIII and vWF, and may temporarily raise levels high enough and long enough to allow procedures to be performed without transfusions.

Recovery

If sutures are required, removal may be necessary after healing. Any new or worsening symptoms should be reported to the healthcare professional.

Risks

Bleeding is caused by injury to blood vessels, the structures that hold the blood. The injury can be minimal or life threatening. The most common causes of injuries to blood vessels are cuts and puncture wounds. Automobile accidents, gunshot wounds, household tools, machinery, and construction equipment often cause injuries. There are a significant number of visits to emergency rooms for bleeding injuries.

FAQs

What is bleeding?

This condition involves losing blood. This can occur internally (when blood leaks from blood vessels inside the body), externally through a natural opening (such as the vagina, mouth, or rectum), or externally through a break in the skin.

What are the causes of bleeding?

Bleeding can be caused by injuries or can occur spontaneously. Spontaneous bleeding is most commonly caused by problems with the gastrointestinal or urogenital tract.

What are the symptoms and signs of bleeding?

The following are some symptoms and signs:

  • Blood coming from an open wound
  • Bruising
  • Shock
  • Paleness
  • Clammy skin
  • Dizzinessor light-headednessafter an injury
  • Rapid pulse, increased heart rate
  • Low blood pressure
  • Shortness of breath
  • Confusionor decreasing alertness
  • Weakness

Internal: any of the above, plus:

Abdominal pain

Swollen abdomen

Signs of shock (see above)

External bleeding through a natural opening

Blood in the stool(appears black, maroon, or bright red)

Blood in the urine(appears red, pink, or tea-colored)

Vaginal bleeding(heavier than usual or after menopause)

Blood in the vomit(looks bright red, or brown like coffee-grounds)